halal: (act, thing) permitted in Islam.
 haram: an action, word or thought prohibited by Allahu ta’ala.
 fard: an act or thing that is commanded by Allahu ta’ala in the Qur’an al-karim.
 wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted.
 sunnat: act, thing that was, though not commanded by Allahu ta’ala, done and liked by the Prophet (‘alaihi ‘s-salam) as an ‘ibada.
 mandub: (act, thing) that brings thawab if done, but neither sin if omitted nor kufr if disliked; adab, mustahab.
 makruh: (act, thing) improper, disliked and abstained by the Prophet (‘alaihi ‘s-salam).
 fiqh: knowledge dealing with what Muslims should do and should not do; actions, a’mal, ‘ibadat.
 Ahl as-Sunna (wa’l-Jama’a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali.
 karamat: (pl. -at) miraculous deed worked by Allahu ta’ala through a Wali.