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Sunday, July 19, 2009

A MAN’S AWRAT PARTS

It is haram for men to look between a man’s navel and knees. It is permissible for them to look at his other parts without lust. It is permissible for a man to look at his wife and at his own jariyas [1] from head to foot even with lust, and also for them to look at him likewise. A man’s awrat (private parts, genitals) parts are between his navel and his knees in three Madhhabs [2]. In Hanafi Madhhab the knees are awrat. The navel is not awrat. In Shafi’i Madhhab the navel is awrat and the knees are not. In Maliki Madhhab none of them is awrat. It is stated in Mizan-ul-kubra that according to one explanation in Maliki and Hanbali Madhhabs a man’s saw’atayn (genital parts) are his awrat only. Because there is no ijma’ (unanimity of savants), he who does not cover his thighs and pays no attention will be secure against being a disbeliever. Also, the Shiites’ awrat is their saw’atayn only.

A man, if he feels secure of lust, can look at the heads, faces, necks, arms, and legs below the knees of the eighteen women who are haram for him to marry by nikah (act of marrying) and of others’ jariyas. He cannot look at their breasts, at spaces under their arms, at their flanks, thighs, knees or upper parts of their back. These parts of women are also called (ghaliz), that is, Qaba awrat. Every woman must cover these parts with thick cloth so that their color and shapes will not be seen when performing namaz (daily prayer), and the cloth must be ample so that their shapes will not resemble their origin when she is among men. Jariyas can perform namaz without covering their parts that are permissible to be seen. It is haram for men to look between a man’s navel and knees. It is permissible for them to look at his other parts without lust. It is permissible for a man to look at his wife and at his own jariyas from head to foot even with lust, and also for them to look at him likewise.

A man’s awrat parts are between his navel and his knees in three Madhhabs. In Hanafi Madhhab the knees are awrat. The navel is not awrat. In Shafi’i Madhhab the navel is awrat and the knees are not. In Maliki Madhhab none of them is awrat. It is stated in Mizan-ul-kubra that according to one explanation in Maliki and Hanbali Madhhabs a man’s saw’atayn are his awrat only. Because there is no ijma’ (unanimity of savants), he who does not cover his thighs and pays no attention will be secure against being a disbeliever. Also, the Shiites’ awrat is their saw’atayn only.

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GLOSSARY
[1] jariya: non-Muslim female slave captivated in war.
[2] madhhab: all of what a profound ‘alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi’i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.

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