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Wednesday, November 24, 2004

Islam Urges Believers to Observe the Following

Islam ensures full justice by actions and statements. Allah,
the Almighty, states in the Glorious Quran, Sura al-Nahl [The Bees],
16:90,“Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin,
andHe forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He
instructs you,that ye may receive admonition”.

Justice and fairness a recommence and required in all situations, when
one is happy and satisfied, and when one is upset and unsatisfied, with
Muslims and with non-Muslims alike.Allah, the Almighty, states in the
Glorious Quran, Sura al-Maedah [The Table],5:8,“ O ye who believe! stand
out firmly for Allah, as witnesses to fairdealing, and let not the
hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be
just: that is next to Piety: and fear Allah. For Allah is
well-acquainted with all that ye do”.
Islam enjoins altruism and urges Muslims to practice it.
Philanthropy and benevolence are some of the results of altruism, if practiced by
the members of the society. Allah, the Almighty, states in the Glorious
Quran, Sura alacrities[The Gathering] 59:9,“ But those who, before them,
had homes (in Medina)and had adopted the Faith, show their affection to
such as came to them forrefuge, and entertain no desire in their hearts
for things given to the(latter), but give them preference over
themselves, even though poverty waster (own lot). And those saved from the
covetousness of their own souls; they're the ones that achieve
prosperity”.
Islam urges to maintain righteous company. Muslims are advised
to stay aloof from bad company. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of
Allah beupon him) is reported to have said,“ The example of good and
evilcompanions is like that of a person who is carrying musk and the
blacksmith whois blowing his blower over the fire to get it going. A musk
carrier would eithergive you a bit of it, or you may buy a little from him
or at the least, youwould smell good perfume from him. As for the
blacksmith who is blowing hisblower over the fire you may either burn your
clothes [if you sit by him], orelse you would be disturbed with the
sparkles of his fire, or the least [harmyou may get] is to get disturbed
with the bad odor coming from him [and hisplace]”(This Hadith is reported
by both, Bukhari and Muslim).
Islam enjoins to assist people in making up better
relationships.This is especially so when there is a rift in the relationship between
people.Allah, the Almighty, states in the Glorious Quran, Sura al-Nisa
[The Women]4:114,“ In most of their secret talks there is no good; but if
oneexhorts to a deed of charity or justice or conciliation between men,
(secrecy ispermissible): to him who does this, seeking the good
Pleasure of Allah, We shallsoon give a reward of the highest (value)”.
Islam suggests maintaining a good character and morals. Good
moralsand virtues are essential for a better society. Allah's Messenger (peace
andblessings of Allah be upon him)is reported to have said,“ Amongst
thebest Believers are the persons with the best of morals and
characteristics andthose who are most kind to their family members”(This Hadith is
reportedby Tirmithee).
Islam enjoins on Muslims to offer their help and assistance to
othersfree of charge and for the Pleasure of Allah (subhanahu wa ta'ala).
Allah'sMessenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is reported
to have said,“ Do favors for those who deserve to be done for them, and
also for thosewho do not deserve to be done for them. If the doer did
the favor for those whodeserve it [and they are worthy of it] it is fine
and good, and if not, the doer[of the favor] himself is one of those
who are worthy for favors”(Reported by Tirmithee).
Islam enjoins on Muslims to be generous. Generosity brings
peoplecloser to each other and enables the generous to gain the love and
affection ofothers. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon
him) is reportedto have said,“ Allah, the Almighty, loves two traits; to
be good toothers and to be generous to them. Similarly, Allah, the
Almighty, hates twotraits; to be mean to others and to be miser to people.
[On the other hand,] IfAllah, the Almighty, favors a person, He would
employ him to assist othersachieve their goals and fulfill their needs”.

There is acriterion, however, for generosity in Islam. The criterion of
generosity inIslam is the verse of the Glorious Quran Sura al-Isra [The
Night Journey],17:29,“ Make not thy hand tied (like a niggard's) to thy
neck, norstretch it forth to its utmost reach, so that thou become
blameworthy anddestitute”.

The generosity criterion is set in Islam in order tocontrol it, so as
it would not exceed limits set out by Islam. Allah, theAlmighty, states
in the Glorious Quran, Sura al-Isra [The Night Journey],17:26-7,“ And
render to the kindred their due rights, as (also) to thosein want, and
to the wayfarer: but squander not (your wealth) in the manner of
aspendthrift. Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the Evil Ones; and the Evil
Oneis to his Lord (Himself) Ungrateful”.
Islam enjoins Muslims to be kind and benevolent to others.
Allah'sMessenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) is reported to have
said,“ Allah, the Almighty, would be [extremely] Kind and Merciful to
the kindand merciful people to others. Be kind to those on earth, the
One in Heavenwould be Kind and Merciful to you”(This Hadith is reported
by Tirmitheeand Abu Dawoud).
Islam commands Muslims to be kind and accommodating to others
andencourages people to do so. Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of
Allahbe upon him) is reported to have said,“ Being kind to others is good
inevery matter and if kindness is removed [from the hearts of people],
thesituation becomes worst”(This Hadith is reported by Muslim).
Islam enjoins on Muslims to hide omissions of others, and help each
otherto achieve their decent and honest goals. Allah's Messenger (peace
andblessings of Allah be upon him) is reported to have said,“
Whosoeveralleviates a Believer's hardship of this world, Allah, the Almighty,
wouldalleviate his hardship and difficulty of the Day of Judgment.
Whosoever easesthe terms on [a financially] stranded person, Allah, the
Almighty, would easehis difficulties in both this world and the Hereafter.
Whosoever hides thedefects of a Muslim in this world, Allah, the
Almighty, would hide the defectsof that person both in this world and in the
Hereafter. Allah, the Almighty,would continue to assist a slave-servant
so long as such person is extending hishelp and assistance to his
Muslim brethren”(This Hadith is reported byMuslim).
Islam enjoins upon patience. Patience is good in all
situations.People are encouraged to be patient in order to perform their religious
duties.People are equally urged and encouraged to practice patience in
order toavoidall evils. Allah, the Almighty, states in the Glorious Quran,
Sura al-Tur 52:48,“ Now await in patience the Command of they Lord: for
verily thou art inOur eyes: and celebrate the praises of they Lord the
while thou standestforth”.

Islam also urges and encourages Muslims to be patient onwhat they have
been predestined for such as: poverty, hunger, lack of
resources,terminal illness or else, and fear. Allah, the Almighty, states in the
GloriousQuran, Sura al-Baqarah [The Calf] 2:155-7,“ Be sure We shall test
youwith something of fear and hunger, some loss in goods or lives or the
fruits (ofyour toil), but give glad tidings to those who patiently
persevere. Who say,when afflicted with calamity: To Allah we belong, and to
Him is our return. Theyare those on whom (descend) blessings from their
Lord, and Mercy, and they arethe ones that receive guidance”.

In fact, Allah, the Almighty,illustrates the reward of the patient
people as follows in the Glorious QuranSura al-Zumar [The Groups], 39:10,“
Say: O ye My servants who believe!Fear your Lord. Good is (the reward)
for those who do good in this world.Spacious is Allah's earth! Those
who patiently persevere will truly receive areward without measure!”.
Islam enjoins Muslims to control their temper and forgive others,
thoughone is capable to take revenge. Such attitudes, of course,
strengthen therelationships and ties amongst people and create a better
atmosphere within thesociety. Islam promised a great reward for controlling
one's temper. Allah, theAlmighty, praises in the Glorious Quran the
individuals who maintain such anoble character. Allah, the Almighty, states
in the Glorious Quran, SuraAl-'Imran [The Family of Imran] 3:133-4,“ Be
quick in the race forforgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden whose
width is that (of the whole)of the heavens and of the earth, prepared
for the righteous. Those who spend(freely), whether in prosperity, or in
adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon(all) men; for Allah loves
those who do good”.

Also, Allah, theAlmighty, commands to do well, even though they have
done unwell and weremistreated with evil acts. All this is done with the
hope that people would getcloser to each other and mane forge affection
towards to each other. Allah, theAlmighty, states in the Glorious
Quran, Sura Fussilat, 41:34,“ Nor canGoodness and Evil be equal. Repel
(Evil) with what is better: then will hebetween whom and thee was hatred
become as it were thy friend andintimate!”.

The above stated are glimpses of what Islamcommands Muslims to comply
with in their life for the Pleasure of Allah, theAlmighty. Both Quran
and Sunnah of Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings ofAllah be upon
him) provide additional commands related to high morals.

Islam the religion of peace , Prepared by: Abdulrahman Al-Sheha.
Rendered into english by: Dr. Mohammed Said Dabas.

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