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Sunday, August 13, 2006

The Prophet’s (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) Prayer - according to the Hanafi Madhab

The Position of the Hands in Qiyaam
Abi Juhaifa narrates that Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu anhu) states: "To place one palm over the other, beneath the navel is from the Sunnah of Salaat." Sunan Abi Dawood page 72 – this narration is in the famous edition of Ibn A’rabi reference I’la’us Sunan page 166; Dare Qutni page 286

To say Bismillah Silently
Hadhrat Anas (Radhiallahu anhu) narrates that: "I read salaah with Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) and Abu Bakr and Umar and Uthman (Radhiallahu anhum) and I did not hear any of them read Bismillahi al-Rahmaan al-Raheem." Muslim vol.1 page 172

Not to recite Fatihah behind the Imaam
Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallahu anhu) is narrated to have said that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "The Imam has been appointed to be followed. Thus, when he says the takbeer, you also say it, when he recites, remain silent and when he says, 'Samiallaahu liman hamidah', say 'Rabbana lakal hamd.'" Nasai vol. 1 page 146

Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari narrates: "Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) delivered a sermon in which he outlined our sunnah for us, taught us our salaah and instructed, 'When you perform your salaah straighten your rows then one of you lead the rest in prayer. When he says the takbeer you also say it, when he recites, remain silent and when he reaches 'Ghayril maghdhubi alayhim waladhaalleen' say ameen and Allah will accept your plea'" Muslim vol. 1 page 174

The saying of Aameen silently
Hadhrat Wail Ibn Hajr (Radhiallahu anhu) narrated that he performed salaah in the company of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) who, when reaching 'Ghayril maghdhubi alayhim waladhaalleen', said aameen keeping his voice subdued. Musnad Ahmed vol. 4 page 316; Dare Qutni vol. 1 page 334

Raising the hands only whilst saying takbeer tahrimah
Hadhrat Alqama reports that Abdullah Ibn Mas'ood (Radhiallahu anhu) said: "Shouldn't I perform Rasulullah's (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) prayer for you? He performed the salaah and did not raise his hands except at the first takbeer." Nasai vol. 1 page 158

Not to do Jalsa-e-istrahat (rest for a while) between two rakaats
Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiallahu anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) used to stand from the sajdah on his feet. Tirmidhi vol. 1 page 64

To sit on the left foot and to prop up the right
Hadhrat Aisha (Radhiallahu anha) says that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) started his salaah with the initial takbeer (she mentions the whole procedure then) and he sat on his left foot and propped his right. Muslim vol. 1 page 194/5

The sunnah rak'ats of Fajr
Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Radhiallahu anhu) narrates: "I heard Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying, 'There is no salaah after the morning prayer until sunrise and there is no salaah after Asr until sunset.'" Bukhari vol. 1 page 82/3

To read Fajr in the light
Rafe Ibh Khudaij (Radhiallahu anhu) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) say, 'Read the Fajr prayer in the light, because doing so has an enormous reward.' Tirmidhi page 40.

The Witr Salaat
Abdullah Ibn Abbas (Radhiallahu anhu) narrated that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) would perform three rak'ats witr. In the first rak'ah he would recite, 'Sabbihisma rabbikal a'alaa (Surah A'alaa)', 'Qul ya ayyuhal kafiroon (Surah Kafiroon)' in the second and 'Qul huwallahu ahad (Surah Ikhlaas)' in the third. Tirmidhi vol.1 page 106; Nasai vol. 1 page 249; Ibn Majah vol.1 page 82.

Not to perform Nafl Salaah before Maghrib
Hadhrat Ta'oos reports that Hadhrat Ibn Umar (Radhiallahu anhu) was asked about the two rakah's before maghrib. He said, 'I have not seen anyone at the time of Rasulullah sallallaahou alaihe wassallam read them.' Abu Daood vol. 1 page 182

Not to combine prayers except in the period of Hajj
Ibn Mas'ood (Radhiallahu anhu) narrates: "I never saw Rasulullah (sallallaahou alaihe wassallam perform any salaah out of its time except at Muzdalifah. He joined Maghrib and Isha together and performed Fajr salaah of the next day before its (normal and more preferable) time (his usual habit was to perform it just before sunrise, but here he performed it earlier while it was still dark)." Bukhari vol.1 page 227; Muslim vol.1 page 417; Tahawi vol. 1 page 164.

The rak'aat of Taraweeh
Yazid Ibn Ruman narrates that the people would perform twenty three during Ramadhan in the time of Umar (Radhiallahu anhu). Bayhaqi vol.2 page 496; Muwattah Al Imaam Malik vol.1 page 71.

Six extra Takbeers in the Eid prayers
Saeed Ibn Al-A's asked Abu Moosa Al ash'ri and Huzaiyfa (Radhiallahu anhum), "How many takbeers did Rasulullah sallallaahou alaihe wassallam do in salaat Al Adha and salaat Al Fitr? "

Abu Moosa (Radhiallahu anhu) replied, "He used to do four takbeers in each rak'at the same amount like in Salaat-ul-Janazah." (In the first rak'at three optional and one takbeer tahreeemah, and in the second rak'at three optional and takbeer for going into ruku). Hadhrat Huzaiyfa (Radhiallahu anhu) said, "I verify this." Abu Daood vol.1 page 163

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