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Saturday, June 06, 2009

TAHARAT FROM HADAS

There are two kinds of taharat from hadas:

1- Performance of an ablution by a person who does not have an ablution.

2- Performance of a ghusl by a person who does not have a ghusl.

Wudu means ablution; tawaddi means to perform an ablution; ghasl means to wash something; ightisal means to perform a ghusl ablution, and ghusl means the ablution of ghusl (in Arabic). He who does not have an ablution is called muhdis. He who does not have a ghusl ablution is called junub.

It is written in the book Halabi-yi saghir: “There are fards, sunnats, adabs, and forbidden things in an abdast (ablution, wodoo’). If a person performs namaz (salat, daily prayer) without an ablution though he does not have a good excuse for doing so and though he knows that he does not have an ablution, he becomes a disbeliever. He who loses his ablution while performing namaz, performs the salam (Assalam-u alaikum wa rahmat-ullah) to one side right away and stops his namaz. Re-making an ablution before the prescribed time period is over, he begins the namaz again.” In Maliki madhhab [1], his namaz will not be nullified and he will become owner of an excuse in that moment.


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GLOSSARY

[1] madhhab: all of what a profound ‘alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi’i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.

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