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Thursday, July 13, 2006

The Funeral (Janazah)

Washing, shrouding, praying for, and burying the dead Muslim is a communal obligation (fard kifayah) if he was born alive. Shrouding and burial are obligatory for a member of the People of the Book who is a subject of the Islamic State (dhimmiyy). Moreover, washing, shrouding, and burial are obligatory for a stillborn Muslim. The Funeral Prayer is not performed for a dhimmiyy or the stillborn Muslim. Whoever dies as a result of fighting the blasphemers will be shrouded in his battle clothes. If the battle clothes are not enough, more material will be added. He will be buried, but not washed; and the Funeral Prayer will not be performed for him.

The Funeral Prayer (Salat al-Janazah)

The minimum obligatory prayer for the dead is:

1. To intend to perform the obligatory Funeral Prayer for that dead person in particular, as one is saying the opening 'Allahu akbar'.

2. To stand while performing the Funeral Prayer, if one is able;

3. To recite the Fatihah;

4. To say Allahu akbar;

5. To say Allahumma salli ^ala Muhammad;

6. To say Allahu akbar;

7. To supplicate Allah to forgive and have mercy on that dead Muslim;

8. To say Allahu akbar;

9. To say the closing salam.

The one who performs the Funeral Prayer must satisfy the conditions and avoid the invalidators of prayer.

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