The light of the sun is due to a chemical process on its surface that has been taking place continuously for the past five billion years. It will come to an end at some point of time in the future when the sun will be totally extinguished leading to extinction of all life on earth.
Regarding the impermanence of the sun’s existence the Qur’aan says:
“And the Sun Runs its course For a period determined For it; that is The decree of (Him) The exalted in Might, The All-Knowing.” [Al-Qur’aan 36:38]
A similar message is conveyed in the Qur’an in 13:2, 35:13, 39:5 and 39:21.
The Arabic word used here is mustaqarr, which means a place or time that is determined.
Thus the Qur’aan says that the sun runs towards a determined place, and will do so only up to a pre-determined period of time – meaning that it will end or extinguish.
THE PRESENCE OF INTERSTELLAR MATTER
Space outside organized astronomical systems was earlier assumed to be a vacuum .
Astrophysicists later discovered the presence of bridges of matter in
this interstellar space. These bridges of matter are called plasma, and consist of completely ionized gas containing equal number of free electrons and positive ions. Plasma is sometimes called the fourth state of matter (besides the three known states viz. solid, liquid and gas).
The Qur’aan mentions the
presence of this interstellar material in the following verse:
“He Who created the heavens And the earth and all That is between.” [Al-Qur’aan 25:59]
It would be ridiculous, for anybody to even suggest that the presence of
interstellar galactic material was known 1400 years ago.
The Qur’aan and Modern Science: Compatible or Incompatible?- By Dr.Zakir Naik