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Sunday, January 04, 2009

TO BE A MAN OF WARA’

Hadrat [1] Imam-i Rabbani says in the 66th letter of the second volume of his Maktubat:

Our Prophet said, “Allahu ta’ala declares: ‘O My born slave! Do the fard [2] I command; you will be the most devoted of human beings. Avoid the haram [3] which I prohibit; you will be a man of wara’. Be contented with the sustenance that I give you; you will be the wealthiest of human beings; you will not need anybody.” Our Prophet said to Abu Hurayra ‘radiy-Allahu anh’: “Be a man of wara’ so that you may be the most abid (devoted) of human beings.”

Hadrat Hasan-i Basri ‘rahmatullahi aleyh’ says, “Attaining wara’ as much as a mote is more useful than a thousand supererogatory fasts and namaz [4].” Abu Hurayra ‘radiy-Allahu anh’ said, “On the Day of Resurrection, those who are valuable in the presence of Allahu ta’ala are people of wara’ and zuhd.” Allahu ta’ala said to Hadrat Musa ‘alaihis-salam’: “Among those who approach Me and who attain My love, there will not be anyone who approaches as close as people of wara’ do.”

Some great savants said, “If a person does not know the following ten things as fard for himself, he will not be a man of perfect wara’: he should not backbite; he should not feel su’i-zan for other Muslims, which means to distrust them and to think of them as bad persons; he should not make fun of anybody; he should not look at women and girls (that are forbidden for him by Islam); he should tell the truth; he should think of the gifts and blessings which Allahu ta’ala has endowed upon him so that he will not be self-conceited; he should spend his possessions on the halal [5]; he should not spend them for the haram; he should desire rank and posts not for his nafs [6] nor for his comfort, but because he knows them as positions for serving Muslims; he should know it as his first duty to perform the five times of namaz in their correct time; he should learn well the tenets of iman (belief) and the deeds communicated by the Ahl as-Sunnat [7] savants and adapt himself to them.

While describing the conditions for being an imam, Ibni Abidin says, “It is called wara’ to abstain from the dubious. It is called taqwa [8] to abstain from the haram. It is called zuhd to abstain from the majority of the mubah [9] for fear that they may be dubious.”
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GLOSSARY
[1] Hadrat: title of respect used before the names of great people like and Islamic scholars.
[2] fard: an act or thing that is commanded by Allahu ta’ala in the Qur’an al-karim.
[3] haram: an action, word or thought prohibited by Allahu ta’ala.
[4] namaz: prayer that is performed five times per day in Islam.
[5] halal: (act, thing) permitted in Islam.
[6] nafs: a force in man which wants him to harm himself religiously; an-nafs al-ammara. A negative force within man prompting him to do evil. (Nafs-i ammara). Nafs is ammara by creation, that is, it always wishes evil and harmful deeds to be done. It is reluctant to obey the Shari’at. The nafs of a man who obeys the Shari’at and makes progress in the way of tasawwuf becomes mutmainna. It wishes to obey the Shari’at.
[7] Ahl as-Sunna (wa’l-Jama’a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali.
[8] taqwa: fearing Allahu ta’ala; abstention from harams.
[9] mubah: (act, thing) neither ordered nor prohibited; permitted.

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