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Friday, December 26, 2008

SACRIFICE (PERFORMING THE QURBAN) [PART 5]

It is not wajib [1] for a person who knows he will be poor or safari (travelling) on the third day of the ’Iyd to perform the qurban on the first day. Yet for a person who knows he will be rich on the third day it becomes wajib to perform it at dawn on the tenth day of (the month of) Zu’l-hijja, which is the first day of the ’Iyd. It is not determined according to one’s being rich or poor or muqim (settled) or safari (travelling) on the first day of the ’Iyd. Performing the qurban is not wajib for hadjis (Muslim pilgrims) who have journeyed to Makka from other places. For they are safari.

For those who perform the qurban in cities it becomes wajib after the ’Iyd prayer. It is not permissible for them to perform the qurban before the prayer. They may perform it any time before the sunset of the third day. In villages it can also be performed after fajr (dawn) and before the ’Iyd prayer. For those who are in Mekka or Mina on the first day of the ’Iyd it is not wajib to perform the ’Iyd prayer. It has been reported at the end of the twenty-first chapter in the fourth fascicle that it is sunna [2] to clip one’s hair, beard and moustache and to trim one’s nails and to shave one’s armpits and pubes every week. It is written at the end of the chapterabout the ’Iyd prayer in Ibni Abidin (rahmatullahi ’aleyh), “These acts of sunna should not be delayed during the first ten days of the month of Zu’l-hijja. The hadith [3] that states, ‘The person whois to perform the qurban must not clip his hair or trim his nails when the month of Zu’lhijja begins!’ is not a command. It indicates that it is mustahab [4] to delay these acts until after performing the qurban. But it is sinful to delay them longer, especially if one has not done them for forty days.”

As it is seen, for a person who intends to perform the qurban it is mustahab not to cut his hair, beard, moustache or nails from the first day of the month of Zu’lhijja till after performing the qurban. But it is not wajib. It will not be sinful for him to do these acts, nor will it decrease the thawab [5] for qurban. For a person who shaves because of a good excuse, growing the beard on those days causes fitna [6], which in turn is not permissible at all.

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GLOSSARY
[1] wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted.
[2] sunnat: (act, thing) that was, though not commanded by Allahu ta’ala, done and liked by the Prophet (‘alaihi ‘s-salam) as an ‘ibada.
[3] hadith (sharif): a saying of the Prophet (‘alaihi ‘s-salam).
[4] mustahab : (act, thing) deserving thawab if done but no sin if omitted, nor disbelief if disliked.
[5] thawab : (act, thing) deserving thawab if done but no sin if omitted, nor disbelief if disliked.
[6] fitna: the widespreading of statements and actions that harm Muslims and Islam. : disunion among Muslims.

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