Shari’at: (pl. of Shari’a) i) rules and commandments as a whole of the religion. ii) religion.
 wajib: (act, thing) never omitted by the Prophet, so almost as compulsory as fard and not to be omitted.
 fiqh: knowledge dealing with what Muslims should do and should not do; actions, a’mal, ‘ibadat.
 ’alim: i) scholar trained in Islamic knowledge and his contemporary science. ii) (pl. ‘ulama’) Muslim scholar.
 namaz: prayer that is performed five times per day in Islam.
 iman: faith, belief, beliefs of Islam; kalam, i’tiqad.
 fard: an act or thing that is commanded by Allahu ta’ala in the Qur’an al-karim.
 haram: an action, word or thought prohibited by Allahu ta’ala.
 halal: (act, thing) permitted in Islam.