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Wednesday, December 31, 2008

WHAT IS A TRUE MUSLIM LIKE?

The first advice is to correct the belief in accordance with the tenets which the Ahl-i sunnat [1] savants communicate in their books. For, it is this Madhhab [2] only that will be saved from Hell. May Allahu ta’ala give plenty of rewards for the work of those great people! Those scholars of the four Madhhabs, who reached up the grade of ijtihad, and the great scholars educated by them are called Ahl as-sunna scholars. After correcting the belief (iman), it is necessary to perform the worship informed in the knowledge of fiqh, i.e., to do the commands of the Shari’at [3] and to abstain from what it prohibits. One should perform the namaz [4] five times each day without reluctance and slackness, and observe its conditions and ta’dil-i arkan. He who has as much money as nisab should give zakat [5]. Imam-i a’zam Abu Hanifa says, “Also, it is necessary to give the zakat of gold and silver which women use as ornaments.”

One should not waste one’s precious life even on unnecessary mubahs [6]. It is certainly necessary not to waste it on the haram [7]. We should not busy ourselves with taghanni, singing, musical instruments, or songs. We should not be deceived by the pleasure they give our nafses [8]. These are poisons mixed with honey and covered with sugar.
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GLOSSARY
[1] Ahl as-Sunna (wa’l-Jama’a): the true pious Muslims who follow as-Sahabat al-kiram. These are called Sunni Muslims. A Sunni Muslim adapts himself to one of the four Madhhabs. These madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali.
[2] Madhhab : all of what a profound ‘alim of (especially) Fiqh (usually one of the four-Hanafi, Shafi’i, Maliki, Hanbali) or iman (one of the two, namely Ash-ari, Maturidi) communicated.
[3] Shari’at: (pl. of Shari’a) i) rules and commandments as a whole of the religion. ii) religion.
[4] namaz: prayer that is performed five times per day in Islam.
[5] zakat: (fard duty of giving annually) certain amount of certain kinds of property to certain kinds of people, by which the remaining property becomes purified and blessed and the Muslim who gives it protects himself against being (called) a miser.
[6] mubah: (act, thing) neither ordered nor prohibited; permitted.
[7] haram: an action, word or thought prohibited by Allahu ta’ala.
[8] nafs: a force in man which wants him to harm himself religiously; an-nafs al-ammara. A negative force within man prompting him to do evil. (Nafs-i ammara). Nafs is ammara by creation, that is, it always wishes evil and harmful deeds to be done. It is reluctant to obey the Shari’at. The nafs of a man who obeys the Shari’at and makes progress in the way of tasawwuf becomes mutmainna. It wishes to obey the Shari’at.

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